Exponent rules

Exponent rules, laws of exponent and examples.

What is an exponent

The base a is raised to the power of n is equal to the multiplication of a, n times:

a n = a × a × ... × a

n times

a is the base and n is the exponent.

Examples

31 = 3

32 = 3 × 3 = 9

33 = 3 × 3 × 3 = 27

34 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 81

35 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 243

Exponents rules and properties

Rule name Rule Example
Product rules a n · a m = a n+m 23 · 24 = 23+4 = 128
a n · b n = (a · b) n 32 · 42 = (3·4)2 = 144
Quotient rules a n / a m = a n-m 25 / 23 = 25-3 = 4
a n / b n = (a / b) n 43 / 23 = (4/2)3 = 8
Power rules (bn)m = bn·m (23)2 = 23·2 = 64
bnm = b(nm) 232 = 2(32)= 512
m√(bn) = b n/m 2√(26) = 26/2 = 8
b1/n = nb 81/3 = 38 = 2
Negative exponents b-n = 1 / bn 2-3 = 1/23 = 0.125
Zero rules b0 = 1 50 = 1
0n = 0 , for n>0 05 = 0
One rules b1 = b 51 = 5
1n = 1 15 = 1
Minus one rule (-1)5 = -1
Derivative rule (xn)' = n·x n-1 (x3)' = 3·x3-1
Integral rule xndx = xn+1/(n+1)+C x2dx = x2+1/(2+1)+C

Exponents product rules

Product rule with same base

an · am = an+m

Example:

23 · 24 = 23+4 = 27 = 2·2·2·2·2·2·2 = 128

Product rule with same exponent

an · bn = (a · b)n

Example:

32 · 42 = (3·4)2 = 122 = 12·12 = 144

Exponents quotient rules

Quotient rule with same base

an / am = an-m

Example:

25 / 23 = 25-3 = 22 = 2·2 = 4

Quotient rule with same exponent

an / bn = (a / b)n

Example:

43 / 23 = (4/2)3 = 23 = 2·2·2 = 8

Exponents power rules

Power rule I

(an) m = a n·m

Example:

(23)2 = 23·2 = 26 = 2·2·2·2·2·2 = 64

Power rule II

a nm = a (nm)

Example:

232 = 2(32) = 2(3·3) = 29 = 2·2·2·2·2·2·2·2·2 = 512

m√(a n) = a n/m

Example:

2√(26) = 26/2 = 23 = 2·2·2 = 8

Negative exponents rule

b-n = 1 / bn

Example:

2-3 = 1/23 = 1/(2·2·2) = 1/8 = 0.125

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